The region includes Long An, Tien Giang, Ben Tre, Vinh Long, Tra Vinh, Can Tho, Soc Trang, Bac Lieu, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap and Hau Giang. Total area is 39,734 km2, accounting for 12.2% of the country’s natural area.
The Mekong Delta of Vietnam is formed from sediment of alluvial soils and accretion through the erosion of sea level.
– Alkaline soils and saline soils occupy a large area (about 60% of the delta area), it requires to be invested and taken much time to renovate.
– Dry and deep dry season (from June to September) lead to the lack of fresh water for production and living, saline intrusion causing many obstacles to life and production in coastal areas
– Annual floods occur on a large scale caused by the Mekong River during flood season
– Environmental quality in many areas has been decreased, especially in the rivers and canals